Professor of the Department of Sociology and of the Postgraduate Program in Sociology at the Federal University of São Carlos (UFSCar). Holder of a bachelor’s degree in Social Sciences, a master’s degree in Sociology and a doctoral degree in Sociology from UFSCar, as well as a postdoctoral degree in Sociology from the same university. Dr. Pires is a researcher of the Laboratory of Studies on Work, Professions and Mobilities (LEST-M) at the Federal University of São Carlos, and of the group Contradictions at Work in Brazil Today: formalization, precariousness, outsourcing, and regulation, based at the University of Campinas – UNICAMP. She has research experience in the field of Sociology of Work, with emphasis on the following topics: flexibilization of work, cooperativism, solidarity economy, generation, youth and workers in the field of information technology.
Research areas: Work; Youth; Solidarity Economy; Technology.
Research group: LEST – Laboratory of Studies on Work, Professions and Mobilities
Ongoing research projects:
Work and youth: the many facets of flexibility
The world of work has undergone numerous transformations in recent decades. Formal work of indefinite duration, aimed at building a linear career, is increasingly giving way to flexible work arrangements. Such work is typically temporary, organized by projects, performed in variable times and spaces, network-dependent, and individualized. In a world of work thus organized, the idea that young people would be better prepared for these new experiences, given their greater mobility, openness to risk and to flexible forms of working in general, is strengthened by the notion of “Generation Y.” Thus, our core objective is to ascertain how young workers experience this new work arrangement, i.e., to what extent they internalize the discourse of flexibility, innovation, individual talent, constant updating and “creative” instability. In a previous research, we conducted a study among IT professionals in the state of São Paulo. The current proposal is to extend this research to other forms of work, encompassing not only “trendsetting” youth with high levels of qualification and access to information but also youth who, lacking such material and symbolic resources, are destined to engage in less valued, less creative activities, sometimes marked by intensive, routine and uncertain work.
Work and peripheral globalization in Brazil: a comparative study of three productive sectors
The purpose of this project is to analyze the new complex scenario in which the world of work has been rearranged through the creation of new occupations marked by the demand for creativity, while perpetuating antiquated modes of production and use of the workforce (albeit operating by the logic of flexibilization and inserted in large globalized networks). The idea is to investigate these processes in a situated manner that is, at the same time, comparative and interconnected with the examination of more general regularities, as representative of what we call peripheral globalization. The contemporary labor market has become increasingly heterogeneous in terms of contract models, working conditions and workers’ perceptions of their experiences. Therefore, the discourse between studies about various forms of labor insertion, or about similar labor insertions in socially and geographically distinct territories, is an important strategy to help us reflect on their gray areas. We have as empirical content three categories of workers representative of these changes, by the type of activity they perform, and by the organizational and legal schemes in which they are engaged, which are representative of a real or virtual spatial displacement and that are within a continuum where extremes merge: (1) sweatshops or garment shops, which are historically precarious; (2) workers in the automotive industry, which is representative of a declining model of Fordism; and (3) knowledge workers linked to new technology, the digital workers who develop software. The socio-spatial boundaries will be between São Paulo and the Northeast, specifically São Carlos (SP) and Campina Grande (PB) (digital work on startups); São Paulo (Brás) and Santa Cruz do Capibaribe (PE) (clothing companies, production and sales); São Carlos / Itirapina and Goiana (PE) (automotive industry).
Coordinator: Jacob Carlos Lima / Members: Aline Suelen Pires, Angelo Martins Junior, Fernando Ramalho Martins, Daniela Ribeiro de Oliveira, Iara Maria de Araújo, Roseli Corteletti, Marcos Lázaro Prado, Edvaldo Carvalho Alves.
Financing: CNPq (Brazil’s National Council for Scientific and Technological Development)